Seizures in Children; Indication, Types, and Causes

Seizures can have an adverse impact on the child’s social, emotional, and cognitive abilities. Hence, it is essential to visit a neurologist; if the caregivers notice any correlating symptoms. Symptoms such as twitching of arms and legs, temporary confusion, and staring blankly at walls are associated with physical problems. Also, if the parents/ caregivers notice irrational anxiety and fear, then they should prioritize the health of their child and consult a specialist for diagnosis.

  • Seizures in Children

Seizures are a neurological disorder in which the brain receives multiple electrical signals and gets overwhelmed. When the brain receives electrical signals simultaneously from a large group of cells, a child may suffer from a seizure. It causes muscle spasms; confusion and the child may lose consciousness.

  • Common Signs and Symptoms of Seizures

The symptoms differ from the type of seizures the child is suffering from. However, the common symptoms include:

  • The child constantly stares at specific objects/ people, without any physical movement.
  • Experience twitching in arms and legs
  • The child loses consciousness without any prior sign.
  • Experience difficulty in breathing
  • The child has little to no bowel and bladder control.
  • The child falls most of the time while walking without any reason.
  • The child does not respond to voices and name calls at times.
  • The child is unaware of the environment at times.
  • The child appears to be confused while having a conversation.
  • Suffers from Insomnia
  • The child remains irritable in the morning.
  • The caregivers can notice rapid eye blinking.
  • Irrational change is vision and speech.
  • The child may feel nauseous most of the time.
  • Known causes of Seizures
  • The child may have suffered from a head injury.
  • Problem with the brain development and the symptoms start to become noticeable in a year or two.
  • Children with autism are more likely to suffer from seizures.
  • Genetic influence; if there are people in the bloodline who suffer from the seizures, then the chances of occurrence of seizures increase in the child.
  • Infectious diseases, such as meningitis, increase brain abnormalities and cause seizures.
  • Hydrocephalus is a condition in which there is an excessive buildup of water in the brain cavities, causing seizures.
  • Lack of oxygen in the brain may result in seizures.
  • Types of Seizures
  • Febrile Seizures: They are triggered by fever and last for fifteen minutes. Children from the age of 6 months to 5 years are prone to suffer from febrile seizures.
  • Status Epilepticus: The seizure lasts for thirty minutes. The condition can cause other complications; hence, the caregivers must take the child to the hospital immediately.
  • Infantile Spasms: Infants experience infantile spasms for the first year of their life. It affects the movement in the legs and neck. It may get better with time, or the person may suffer from it for the rest of their life.
  • Myoclonic Seizures: Involves impulsive and sudden jerking in a group of muscles. The child may experience the seizure for days.
  • Generalized Seizures: Both regions of the brain get affected. Due to the seizure, the child may fall from the standing position, stare blankly at objects, or the body becomes stiff. It may last for 30-45 seconds but can occur multiple in a day.
  • Focal Seizures: They are also known as partial seizures, as only one side of the brain is involved. The child may experience a change in smell and taste. Also, the child may appear confused before the seizure. It can occur multiple times in a day.

Seizures may go unnoticed by the parents and caregivers. However, caregivers should be vigilant, and if they notice any symptoms correlating to seizures, they should consult a neurologist in Baloch Hospital. The specialist can help in providing guidance regarding treatment that would allow to manage the symptoms and lead a quality life.