Finance is an umbrella term for the movement of money from one company to another (or individual) to pay for goods or services and repaid with interest. This is part of the area of economics that focuses on the strategies and methods of looking after money and other financial assets. A more general and accepted definition is the control of business plus public sector assets and money. A company that has funds to manage will, more than likely, employ the services of a finance manager who is likely an expert in the field of economics.
The responsibility these managers have is to improve company profits by using their own resources by providing funds to another which then must be paid back. The function of the finance manager is to Optimize or enable the fund to be made available with as little cost to the company but provide for a profit to be made in this process. The fact is that it governs most of the worlds activities and poor finance management will immediately show up as conditions deteriorate in procurement, production and sales as it affects every sphere of business activities. For this reason, a finance manager is expected to be very judicious in either the use of available funds or allocation for expenses.
The well known management expert Lee Iacocca said of finance managers that they only see the cost of the investment and not the possible return. The big difference between finance managers and sales managers is the direction they are facing; a sales manager is looking forward, towards the future. When arranging a business loan, many applicants forget that they are not to be used for personal matters; something that is ignored regularly. When money is lent under these circumstances, lenders feel quite aggrieved as they have lost control of where the money is being invested.
Hopefully by educating the small (and large) business owners of their fiscal responsibilities they may build the basis of an improved company in the future. Fortunately, small businesses can always use the more approved methods of friends or relations to help provide finance. Finance managers can help improve their company’s profits by using external sources which also lessens the risk on them at the same time. Banks have always been known as institutions that prefer to lend money to those that least need it which is why if you are already wealthy and require a loan it is often arranged at a preferential rate of interest.