Though there are various types of teas available in the market, the unique taste of Darjeeling Tea makes it the most popular tea in the world. However, sipping a cup of this hot beverage will not be enough for a connoisseur. Here are the necessary facts about this tea.
Types of Darjeeling Tea: Apart from the ordinary differentiation, the perfect taste of this tea depends on the time of harvesting. According to growing season, it is divided into four types like-
The First Flush:
The first flush tea is the most prized and popular in the market. This type of tea variant only includes the first two green leaves of the plant, which has the most alluring flavour. For this fresh and aromatic flavour, the first flush is known as the “Champagne of Teas”. These early leaves are the most delicate and tender; therefore create a brisk and floral taste.
The Second Flush:
The time of picking the second flush tea is early April to May or June. In this flush, the leaves become larger and more mature than the first flush. These matured leaves yield a stronger and smoother flavour for a perfect cup of Darjeeling Tea. The second flush tea is known for its full-bodied, matured, fruity touch.
The Monsoon Flush:
This flush continues its growth from June or July to October. The leaves produced in this flush are larger, which brew into intense colour and bold flavour. The monsoon flush is commonly used in making ice tea or as commercial tea bags.
The Autumn Flush:
The tealeaves that matured in October to November, is known as Autumn Flush. It is the last and final stage of Darjeeling Tea. In this stage, the leaves become more mature than the previous flushes; it creates a strong copper-colored beverage. In this stage, tea leaves grow slowly and produce a nutty, rich taste.
Perfect weather for Darjeeling Tea:
To maintain the perfect growth of the tea plant, accurate soil, temperature and moisture is inevitable. As tea is a rain-fed plant, it cannot survive without rain. However, excessive rain can damage the plant entirely. The ideal temperature to grow Darjeeling Tea is between 18 to 30 degrees. The tea plant, can be spoiled, in high temperature and can lost its delicate flavour. Darjeeling’s cool, moist climate and slopping terrains are equally important to produce the muscatel flavor of the tea. Sometimes, strong wind, frost, excessive rainfall creates difficulties in growing the plant.